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An overview of the historical passage  of the Sovereignty of the Maltese Islands

from the Treaty of Paris 1814.
 

 Maltese History & Heritage Website

Head of State or SovereignDateUK Prime Ministers Governors of MaltaPrime Ministers of MaltaBishops of Malta Bishops of Gozo

Malta becomes a Crown Colony in 1814 as a result of the Treaty of Paris


Treaty of Paris, dated 30 May,1814 stipulates:

"The island of Malta and its dependencies shall belong in full right and sovereignty to his Britannic Majesty".


Ratified by Congress of Vienna signed on 9 June 1815 .


 

House of Hanover

 

George III 1760  - 1820Robert Banks Jenkinson
Lord Liverpool
1812 - 1827
Lieutenant-General Sir Thomas Maitland  (1813 - 1824) Ferdinando Mattei 1807 
George IV1820 - 1830George Canning
1827 - 1827

Frederick John Robinson
The Viscount Goderich
1827 - 1828

Arthur Wellesley
The Duke of Wellington
1828 - 1830

 
General the Marquess of Hastings  (1824 - 1826)
 

Major-General Sir Frederic Ponsonby  (1827 - 1836)

   
William IV1830 - 1837Charles Grey
The Earl Grey
1830 - 1834

William Lamb
The Viscount Melbourne
1834 - 1834

Arthur Wellesley
The Duke of Wellington
1834 - 1834

Sir Robert Peel
1834 - 1835

William Lamb
The Viscount Melbourne
1834 - 1841
 
Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Bouverie  (1836 - 1843) Francesco Saverio Caruana  1831 
Victoria1837 - 1901Sir Robert Peel
1841 - 1846

Lord John Russell
1846 - 1852

Edward Smith-Stanley
The Earl of Derby
1852 - 1852

George Hamilton-Gordon
The Earl of Aberdeen
1852 - 185

Henry John Temple
The Viscount Palmerston
1855 - 1858

Edward Smith-Stanley
The Earl of Derby
1858 - 1859

Henry John Temple
The Viscount Palmerston
1859 - 1865

John Russell
The Earl Russell
1865 - 1866

Edward Smith-Stanley
The Earl of Derby
1866 - 1868

Benjamin Disraeli
1868 - 1868

William Ewart Gladstone
1868 - 1874

Benjamin Disraeli
Earl of Beaconsfield 
1874-1880

William Ewart Gladstone
1880-1885

Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
The Marquess of Salisbury
1885 - 1886

William Ewart Gladstone
1886 - 1886

Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
The Marquess of Salisbury
1886 - 1892

William Ewart Gladstone
1892 - 1894

Archibald Primrose
The Earl of Rosebery
1894 - 1895

Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
The Marquess of Salisbury
1895 - 1902
Lieutenant-General Sir Patrick Stuart  (1843 - 1847)


 Richard More O,Farrall (1847 - 1851)
 

 Major General Sir Wuilliam Reid  (1851 - 1858)
 

 Lt-General John Gaspard Le Merchant  (1858 - 1864)
 

Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Storcks  (1864 - 1867)
 

General Sir Patrick Grant (1867 - 1872)
 

General Sir Charles Van Straubenzee  (1872 - 1878)
 

General Sir Arthur Borton (1878 - 1884)
 

General Sir Lintorn Simmonds (1884 - 1888)
 

Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Torrens  (1888 - 1890)
 

Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Smyth  (1890 - 1893)
 

General Sir Athur Freemantle (1893 - 1899)
 

Lieutenant-General Lord Grenfell  (1899 - 1903)

 Publio Maria Sant 1847

Gaetano Pace-Forno, O.S.A. 1857

 
Carmelo Scicluna 1875

 
Pietro Pace 1889
 

Michael Franciscus Buttigieg 1864

Antonius Grech-Delicata-Testaferrata 1868

Petrus Pace 1877

Ioannes Maria Camilleri, O.S.A 1889

 

House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
 

Edward VII
 
1901 - 1910Arthur Balfour
1902 - 1905

Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman
1905 - 1908

Herbert Henry Asquith
1908 - 1915
General Sir Mansfield Clarke (1903 - 1907)
 

Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Grant  (1907 - 1909)
 

General Sir Leslie Rundle (1909 - 1915)

   

 

House of Windsor

 

George V

and

Edward VIII (1936)

1910 - 1936Herbert Henry Asquith
1915 - 1916

David Lloyd George
1916 - 1922

Andrew Bonar Law
1922 - 1923

Stanley Baldwin
1923 - 1924

Ramsay MacDonald
1924 - 1924

Stanley Baldwin
1924 - 1929

Ramsay MacDonald
1929 - 1935

Stanley Baldwin
1935 - 1937
 
General Sir Leslie Rundle (1909 - 1915)
 

Field-Marshal Lord Methuen (1915 - 1919)
 

Field Marshal Viscount Plumer (1919 - 1924)
 

General Sir Walter Congreve (1924 - 1927)
 

General Sir John du Cane (1927 - 1931)
 

General Sir David Campbell (1931 - 1936)

Joseph Howard (1921-1923)

Dr Francesco Buhagiar
1923 - 1924

Sir Ugo P. Mifsud
1924 - 1927

Sir Gerald Strickland
1927 - 1932

Sir Ugo P. Mifsud
1932 - 1933
 

Mauro Caruana, O.S.B. 1915Michael Gonzi  1924
George VI1936 -1952Neville Chamberlain
1937 - 1940

Winston Churchill
1940 - 1945

Clement Attlee
1945 - 1951

Sir Winston Churchill
1951 - 1955
General Sir Charles Bonham Carter  (1936 - 1940)
 

Lieutenant-General Sir William Dobbie  (1940 - 1942)
 

Field Marshal Viscount Gort VC  (1942 - 1944)
 

Lieutenant-General Sir Edmond Schreiber  (1944 - 1946)
 

Sir Francis Douglas (1946 - 1949)
 

Sir Gerald Creasy (1949 - 1954)
 

Major-General Sir Robert Laycock  (1954 - 1959)


Sir Paul Boffa
1947 - 1950

Dr Enrico Mizzi
1950

Dr Giorgio Borg Olivier
1950 - 1955

Mr Dom Mintoff
1955 - 1958
 
Michael Gonzi 1943Joseph Pace 1944
Elizabeth II1952 - 1964Sir Anthony Eden
1955 - 1957

Harold Macmillan
1957 - 1963

Sir Alec Douglas-Home
Earl of Home until 1963
1963 - 1964
Admiral Sir Guy Grantham (1959 - 1962)
 

Sir Maurice Dorman (1962 - 1964)

Dr Giorgio Borg Olivier
1962 - 1966
  

 

Malta becomes Independent on 21st September 1964

Under its 1964 constitution, Malta became a parliamentary democracy within the British Commonwealth. Queen Elizabeth II was sovereign of Malta, and a governor general exercised executive authority on her behalf, while the actual direction and control of the government and the nation's affairs were in the hands of the cabinet under the leadership of a Maltese prime minister.

 

Elizabeth Queen of Malta1964 - 1974  Sir Maurice Dorman (1964 - 1972)

Sir Anthony Mamo (1972 -1974)

Dr Giorgio Borg Olivier
1966 - 1971

Mr Dom Mintoff
1971 - 1976

 Nikol Joseph Cauchi 1972
 

Malta becomes a Republic on 13th December 1974

On December 13, 1974, the constitution was revised, and Malta became a republic within the Commonwealth, with executive authority vested in a Maltese president. The president is appointed by parliament. In turn, the president appoints as prime minister the leader of the party that wins a majority of parliamentary seats in a general election for the unicameral House of Representatives.

 

Sir Anthony Mamo1974 - 1976  Mr Dom Mintoff
1976 - 1981
Joseph Mercieca 1976 
Dr Anton Buttigieg1976 - 1981  

Mr Dom Mintoff

1981-1984

  
Agatha Barbara1982 - 1987  Dr Karmenu Mifsud Bonnici 1984 - 1987

Dr Eddie Fenech Adami 1987 - 1992

  
Dr Censu Tabone1989 - 1994  Dr Eddie Fenech Adami 1992 - 1996  
Dr Ugo Mifsud Bonnici1994 - 1999  Dr Alfred Sant 1996-1998

Dr Eddie Fenech Adami 1998-2003

  
Dr Guido DeMarco1999 - 2004  Eddie Fenech Adami 2003 - 2004

Laurence Gonzi

2004 - 2008

  

 

Malta joins European Union on 1st May 2004

 

Dr Eddie Fenech Adami2004-2009  

Laurence Gonzi

2008 - 2013

Paul Cremona O.P. 2007 Mario Grech 2006
Dr George Abela2009-2014  

Joseph Muscat

2013 -

  

Dr Marie Louise

Coleiro Preca

2014-     Charles J Scicluna 2015